Пассивный залог по английскому упражнения

Страдательный залог. PASSIVE VOICE.

Способ образования: to be + III форма глагола Спряжение глагола to take (брать, отводить) во временах группы Simple в Passive Voice Present Simple Passive I am taken I am not taken Am I taken? He is taken He is not taken Is he taken? She is taken She is not taken Is she taken? It is taken It is not taken Is it taken? We are taken We are not taken Are we taken? You are taken You are not taken Are you taken? They are taken They are not taken Are they taken? Past Simple Passive I was taken I was not taken Was I taken? He was taken He was not taken Was he taken? She was taken She was not taken Was she taken? It was taken It was not taken Was it taken? We were taken We were not taken Were we taken? You were taken You were not taken Were you taken? They were taken They were not taken Were they taken? Future Simple Passive I shall (will) be taken I shall (will) not be taken Shall (will) I be taken? He will be taken He will not be taken Will he be taken? She will be taken She will not be taken Will she be taken? We shall (will) be taken We shall (will) not be taken Shall (will) we be taken? You will be taken You will not be taken Will you be taken? They will be taken They will not be taken Will they be taken?

Сравнение действительного и страдательного залога (Active Voice compared to Passive Voice) Сравнение действительного и страдательного залога в настоящем продолженном времени Present Continuous (Progressive) Active and Passive Употребление местоимений в страдательном залоге. Предложения с двумя дополнениями.

Упр. 274. Переведите на английский язык, употребляя глаголы в Past Simple Active или Past Simple Passive.

Я рассказал — Мне рассказали / I told — I was told
Я показал — Мне показали / I showed — I was shown
Она привела — Ее привели / She brought — She was brought
Мы спросили — Нас спросили / We asked — We were asked
Мы ответили — Нам ответили / We answered — We were answered
Мы послали — Нас послали / We send — We were sent
Они дали — Им дали / They gave — They were given
Он помог — Ему помогли / He helped — He was helped
Он посоветовал — Ему посоветовали / He advised — He was advised
Он забыл — Его забыли / He forgot — He was forgotten
Он помнил — Его помнили / He remembered — He was remembered
Мы пригласили — Нас пригласили / We invited — We were invited
Мы поправили — Нас поправили / We corrected — We were corrected
Он вылечил — Его вылечили / He cured — He was cured
Он позвал — Его позвали / He called — He was called

Упр. 275. Переведите на английский, употребляя глаголы в Present, Past или Future Simple Passive.

Мне расскажут — I will be told
Мне рассказывают — I am told
Мне рассказали — I was told

Мне покажут — I will be shown
Мне показывают — I am shown
Мне показали I was shown

Ее привели — She was brought
Ее приводят — She is brought
Ее приведут — She will be brought

Нас спросили – We were asked
Нас спрашивают – We are asked
Нас спросят — We will be asked

Нам ответили — We were answered
Нам отвечают – We are answered
Нам ответят — We will be answered

Нас послали – We were sent
Нас посылают – We are sent
Нас пошлют — We will be sent

Им дали – They were given
Им дают – They are given
Им дадут — They will be given

Ему помогли – He was helped
Ему помогают — He is helped
Ему помогут — He will be helped

Упражнение 276. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Simple Passive.

Упражнение 277. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Past Simple Passive.

Упражнение 278. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Future Simple Passive.

Упражнение 279. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present, Past или Future Simple Passive.

Упражнение 280. Раскройте скобки, выбирая требующуюся форму глагола.

1. At the station they will (meet, be met) by a man from the travel bureau.
2. She will (meet, be met) them in the hall upstairs.
3. The porter will (bring, be brought) your luggage to your room.
4. Your luggage will (bring, be brought) up in the lift.
5. You may (leave, be left) your hat and coat in the cloakroom downstairs.
6. They can (leave, be left) the key with the clerk downstairs.
7. From the station they will (take, be taken) straight to the hotel.
8. Tomorrow he will (take, be taken) them to the Russian Museum.

При образовании всех времен страдательного залога к правильным глаголам добавляется -ed, а неправильные глаголы берутся из третьего столбца (III форма глагола)
таблицы неправильных глаголов.

Упражнение 281. Переведите на английский язык, употребляя глаголы в Present Simple Active или Present Simple Passive.

Упражнение 282. Переведите на английский язык, употребляя глаголы в Past Simple Active или Past Simple Passive.

Упражнение 283. Переведите на английский язык, употребляя глаголы в Future Simple Active или Future Simple Passive.

The doctor was sent — Доктора послали

The doctor was sent for — За доктором послали

Запомните этот шуточный мини-рассказ:

Не was talked about. — О нем говорили.

Не was sent for. — За ним послали.

He was waited for. — Его ждали.

He was looked at. — На него смотрели.

He was listened to. — Его слушали.

He was laughed at. — Над ним смеялись.

Запомните эти предложения:

The house wasn’t lived in. — В этом доме никто не жил.

The bed wasn’t slept in. — В этой кровати никто не спал.

Упражнение 284 Передайте следующие предложения в Passive Voice, обращая внимание на место предлога.

Упражнение 285. Переведите на английский язык, употребляя глаголы в Present, Past или Future Simple Passive.

Упражнение 286. Передайте следующие предложения в Passive Voice.

1. Irene’s husband brought her some beautiful shells from the south.
2. The explorers gave the newspaper reporters a long interview.
3. Mr. Wilson will teach you English.
4. The doctor ordered me a month’s rest from studying.
5. Tom gave Nick a book for his birthday.
6. Our mother tells us stories every evening.
7. Lydia will show you a new book of pictures.
8. A boy showed her the way.
9. They will send us a box of fruit.
10. Five or six small children followed them.
11. In summer the boys often drive the horses to the fields.
12. Ivan Susanin led the Poles into the thickest part of the forest.
13. The waves carried the boat away.
14. We shall do the translation in the evening.
15. They water the flowers regularly.
16. You promised me these books long ago.
17. Bessie’s father gave her a complete set of Walter Scott’s works.
18. A marble pavillion protects the house.
19. The boys will paint the roof of the house.
20. Tom Sawyer whitewashed the fence.
21. Her daughters gave her three beautiful dishes as a birthday present.

Упражнение 287. Поставьте выделенные глаголы в Passive Voice, внеся необходимые изменения в предложения.

Это нужно сделать — It must be done
Это можно сделать — It can be done

Passive Voice тренировочные упражнения
методическая разработка по теме

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Упр. 1. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present, Past или Future Simple Passive.

1. Bread (to eat) every day. 2. The letter (to receive) yesterday. 3. Nick (to send) to Moscow next week. 4. I (to ask) at the lesson yesterday. 5.I (to give) a very interesting book at the library last Friday. 6. Many houses (to build) in our town every year. 7. This work (to do) tomorrow. 8. This text (to translate) at the last lesson. 9. These trees (to plant) last autumn. 10. Many interesting games always (to play) at our PT lessons. 11. This bone (to give) to my dog tomorrow. 12. We (to invite) to a concert last Saturday. 13. My question (to answer) yesterday. 14. Hockey (to play) in winter. 15. Mushrooms (to gather) in autumn. 16. Many houses (to burn) during the Great Fire of London. 17. His new book (to finish) next year. 18. Flowers (to sell) in shops and in the streets. 19. St. Petersburg (to found) in 1703.

Упр. 2. Передайте следующие предложения в Passive Voice, обращая внимание на место предлога.

1. We thought about our friend all the time. 2. The doctor will operate on him in a week. 3. The teacher sent for the pupil’s parents. 4. They looked for the newspaper everywhere. 5. Nobody slept in the bed. 6. The neighbour asked for the telegram. 7. Everybody listened to the lecturer with great attention. 8. The senior students laughed at the freshman. 9. The group spoke to the headmistress yesterday. 10. The young mothers looked after their babies with great care. 11. Nobody lived in that old house. 12. They sent for Jim and told him to prepare a report on that subject.

Упр. 3. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Active или Passive Voice.

1. Nobody (to see) him yesterday. 2. The telegram (to receive) tomorrow. 3. He (to give) me this book next week. 4. The answer to this question can (to find) in the encyclopedia. 5. We (to show) the historical monuments of the capital to the delegation. 6. You can (to find) interesting information about the life in the USA in this book. 7. Budapest (to divide) into two parts: Buda and Pest. 8. Yuri Dolgoruki (to found) Moscow in 1147. 9. Moscow University (to found) by Lomonosov. 10. We (to call) Zhukovski the father of Russian aviation.

Упр. 4. Передайте следующие предложения в Passive Voice.

1. I bought potatoes yesterday. 2. We shall bring the books tomorrow. 3. They are repairing the clock now. 4. They sell milk in this shop. 5. I have translated the whole text. 6. They broke the window last week. 7. When I came home, they had eaten the sweets. 8. We shall do the work in the evening. 9. He wrote this book in the 19th century. 10. They were playing tennis from four till five. 11. He stole a lot of money from the shop. 12. By six o’clock they had finished the work. 13. At twelve o’clock the workers were loading the trucks. 14. By three o’clock the workers had loaded the trucks. 15. We send our daughter to rest in the south every year. 16. They will show this film on TV. 17. They are building a new concert-hall in our street. 18. They have made a number of important experiments in this laboratory. 19. Livingstone explored Central Africa in the 19th century. 20. By the middle of autumn we had planted all the trees. 21. They will stage this play at the beginning of next season. 22. They have forgotten the story. 23. Has anybody explained the rules of the game to you? 24. They haven’t brought back my skates.

Упр. 5. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Passive Voice.

1. I am sure I (to ask) at the lesson tomorrow. 2. They told me that the new student (to speak) much about. 3. The hostess said that one more guest (to expect). 4. The newspaper said that an interesting exhibition (to open) in the Hermitage the next week. 5. This new dictionary (to sell) everywhere now. 6. All the texts (to look) through yesterday and not a single mistake (to find). 7. Two reports on Hemingway’s stories (to make) in our group last month. Both of them were very interesting. 8. He said that Grandmother’s letter (to receive) the day before. 9. Two new engineers just (to introduce) to the head of the department. 10. Don’t worry, everything will be all right: the children (to take) to the theatre by the teacher and they (to bring) back to school in the evening.

Упр. 6. Переведите на английский язык, употребляя глаголы в Passive Voice.

1. Ее отправили в больницу два дня назад. 2. Вчера нас послали в лабораторию. 3. Это сочинение было написано на прошлой неделе. 4. Эту книгу взяли из библиотеки только вчера. 5. Этих трех студентов спросили два дня тому назад. 6. Вас экзаменовали утром? 7. Эта мышь была поймана ночью. 8. Телеграмму послали поздно вечером, и он получит ее только утром. 9. Эту статью должна прочитать вся группа. 10. Это
yпражнение можно написать карандашом. 11. Все ваши сочинения будут возвращены на будущей неделе. 12. Это письмо можно написать на одном листе. 13. На этой фабрике делают очень красивые сумки. 14. Письма туда можно посылать только летом, а телеграммы круглый год. 15. Мою подругу каждый год посылают за границу.

разработка-подборка дополнительных упражнений на страдательный залог английского языка
тест по английскому языку (8 класс) по теме

подборка дополнительных упражнений на страдательный залог ( 8-9 класс общеобразовательной школы)- источники Голицынский,Бонк,Игнатьева

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6 вариантов мини тестов на страдатеьный залог ( 12 заданий в каждом тесте) 16.42 КБ

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present, Past или Future Simple Passive.

1. Bread (to eat) every day. 2. The letter (to receive) yesterday. 3. Nick (to send) to Moscow next week. 4. I (to ask) at the lesson yesterday. 5. I (to give) a very interesting book at the library last Friday. 6. Many houses (to build) in our town every year. 7. This work (to do) tomorrow. 8. This text (to translate) at the last lesson. 9. These trees (to plant) last autumn. 10. Many interesting games always (to play) at our PT lessons. 11. This bone (to give) to my dog tomorrow. 12. We (to invite) to a concert last Saturday. 13. My question (to answer) yesterday. 14. Hockey (to play) in winter. 15. Mushrooms (to gather) in autumn. 16. Many houses (to burn) during the Great Fire of London. 17. His new book (to finish) next year. 18. Flowers (to sell) in shops and in the streets. 19. St. Petersburg (to found) in 1703.

Передайте следующие предложения в Passive Voice, обращая внимание на место предлога.

E.g. We often speak about her. — She is often spoken about.

Передайте следующие предложения в Passive Voice.

E.g. Mother waters the flowers in the evening.

The flowers are watered in the evening (by Mother)

1. A marble pavillion protects the house. 2. The boys will paint the roof of the house. 3. Tom Sawyer whitewashed the fence. 4. Her daughters gave her three beautiful dishes as a birthday present. 5. Tom gave Nick a book for his birthday. 6. Our mother tells us stories every evening. 7. Lydia will show you a new book of pictures. 8. A boy showed her the way. 9. They will send us a box of fruit. 10. Five or six small children followed them. 11. In summer the boys often drive the horses to the fields. 12. Ivan Susanin led the Poles into the thickest part of the forest. 13. The waves carried the boat away. 14. We shall do the translation in the evening. 15. They water the flowers regularly. 16. You promised me these books long ago, 17. Bessie’s father gave her a complete set of Walter Scott’s works. 18. Irene’s husband brought her some beautiful shells from the south. 19. The explorers gave the newspaper reporters a long interview. 20. Mr. Wilson will teach you English. 21. The doctor ordered me a month’s rest from studying.

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Active или Passive Voice.

1. Nobody (to see) him yesterday. 2. The telegram (to receive) tomorrow. 3. He (to give) me this book next week. 4. The answer to this question can (to find) in the encyclopedia. 5. We (to show) the historical monuments of the capital to the delegation. 6. You can (to find) interesting information about the life in the USA in this book. 7. Budapest (to divide) by the Danube into two parts: Buda and Pest. 8. Yuri Dolgoruki (to found) Moscow in 1147. 9. Moscow University (to found) by Lomonosov. 10. We (to call) Zhukovski the father of Russian aviation.

V1 Передайте следующие предложения в Passive Voice.

1. At twelve o’clock the workers were loading the trucks. 2. By three o’clock the workers had loaded the trucks. 3. We send our daughter to rest in the south every year. 4. They will show this film on TV. 5. They are building a new concert-hall in our street. 6. They have made a number of important experiments in this laboratory. 7. Livingstone explored Central Africa in the 19th century.8. By the middle of autumn we had planted all the trees. 9. They will stage this play at the beginning of next season. 10. They have forgotten the story. 11. Has anybody explained the rules of the game to you? 12. They haven’t brought back my skates.

V2 Передайте следующие предложения в Passive Voice.

1. I bought potatoes yesterday. 2. We shall bring the books tomorrow. 3. They are repairing the clock now. 4. They sell milk in this shop. 5. I have translated the whole text. 6. They broke the window last week. 7. When I came home, they had eaten the sweets. 8. We shall do the work in the evening. 9. He wrote this book in the 19th century. 10. They were playing tennis from four till five. 11. He stole a lot of money from the shop. 12. By six o’clock they had finished the work.

V3 Передайте следующие предложения в Passive Voice.

1. The students greeted the famous lecturer warmly. 2. They have recently built a huge plant, in the town of N. 3. We must finish the work by tomorrow. 4. When I fell ill, my mother sent for the doctor. 5. They looked for the girl everywhere. 6. They did not listen to the boy. 7. She looks after the patients well. 8. They asked for our address. 9. My father looked through these papers this morning. 10. He will give my brother English lessons. 11. A friend of his has shown me an interesting magazine. 12. His friend told him everything.

V4 Передайте следующие предложения в Passive Voice.

1. They showed Helen the nearest way to the theatre. 2. He gave his patient some good advice. 3. Mary has told me the news. 4. The people looked at the little boy with interest.5. They examined the paper attentively. 6. We asked him about his holidays. 7. They have already discussed the novel. 8. He did not give me his address. 9. She showed him the way to the metro station. 10. He will introduce me to his friends. 11. They are building a bridge over the river. 12. I haven’t yet translated the article.

V5 Передайте следующие предложения в Passive Voice.

1. We turn on the light when it is dark. 2. The students finished their translation in time. 3. Helen washed the dishes. 4. Betty often took her younger brother for a walk. 5. Mother has made some coffee. 6. Have you ironed your dress yet? 7. Nina mispronounced this word. 8. They have told her the truth. 9. She promised us an interesting entertainment. 10. One uses chalk for writing on the blackboard. 11. I shall finish my work about seven o’clock. 12. Somebody has opened the door.

V6 Передайте следующие предложения в Passive Voice.

1. They did not invite her to the party. 2. I did not leave the window open. 3. They did not turn off the light. 4. I have invited some friends to tea 5. She has given me an English book. 6. Have you written the letter yet? 7. They have told us a lot о S interesting things. 8. The students have written the test-paper without mistakes. 9. The children have scattered about a lot of things. 10. The girl has put all the books into the bookcase. 11. Snow, will cover the fields in winter. 12. They will hand in the homework tomorrow.

По теме: методические разработки, презентации и конспекты

Представленная в таблице информация в виде схем (формул) поможет систематизировать полученные знания о временах активного залога. Материал будет полезен учащимся старшей школы при подготовке к э.

Данная статья знакомит с различными типами упражений,которые могут использоваться учителями английского языка на уроках для формирования и тренировки речевого грамматического навыка.

Упражнения на числительные предназначены для классов средней и старшей школы. Они позволяют отработать и закрепить, а так же повторить знания по теме «Числительные».

В данной презентации представлены упражнения для работы над темой «Инфинитив» следующего вида:- перевод предложения с английского языка на русский- поставить глагол в правильную форму инфинитива- 3 уп.

Дополнительная образовательная программа предназаначена для младших дошкольников 4 лет, по предмету английский язык, в центре дополнительного образования детей.

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Упражнения на числительные в английском языке для 5 класса.

Активный и пассивный залог в английском языке. Правила, примеры, упражнения с ответами

Привет, друзья! Для многих тема активного и пассивного залога в английском является сложной и непонятной. Кто-то сталкивается с проблемами при образовании пассивной формы, кто-то не умеет переводить такие предложения. Если вы будете знать, как образовать PassiveVoice, научитесь распознавать и понимать такие предложения, эти навыки сделают вашу речь разнообразнее и богаче, а ваши языковые компетенции станут еще на шаг ближе к владению языком на уровне носителя английского.

Что такое пассивный залог?

В английском языке залог указывает на то, выполняет ли подлежащее действие самостоятельно активный / действительный залог, или действие совершается над ним пассивный / страдательный залог.

Таким образом, есть два залога:

  • Active Voice — Активный
  • Passive Voice — Пассивный
  • Пассивный залог в английском языке таблица

    Активный залог в английском языке таблица

    • Active Voice :They usually visit their granny. — Они обычно навещают свою бабулю.
    • Passive Voice:Their granny is usually visited. — Их бабулю часто навещают.
    • Active Voice:They are visiting their granny now. — Сейчас они навещают свою бабулю.
    • Passive Voice:Their granny is being visited now. — Их бабулю сейчас навещают.
    • Active Voice:They have just visited their granny — Они только что навестили свою бабулю.
    • Passive Voice:Their granny has just been visited. — Их бабулю только что навестили.

    Запоминаем, 3 случая использования пассивного залога в английском языке

    1. Когда мы не знаем, кто совершил действие. Например: Банк ограбили (мы не знаем, кто это сделал).
    2. Когда нам не важно, кто совершил действие, а важно само это действие. Например: Этот дом построят в следующем году (нам не важно, кто это сделает, нам важно, что он будет построен).
    3. Когда мы не хотим говорить, кто именно это сделал (если произошло что-то плохое, и мы не хотим никого обвинять). Например: Праздник испорчен (мы не хотим говорить, кто его испортил).
    4. Таблица с временными формами страдательного залога

      Образование Пример
      am/is/are being + III форма глагола (или правильный глагол с окончанием —ed) Their plan is being considered by the members of the committee.

      Их план рассматривается членами комитета. was/were being + III форма глагола (или правильный глагол с окончанием —ed) While we were having lunch, the room was being cleaned.

      Пока мы обедали, комнату убирали. Данной формы в пассивном залоге не существует had been + III форма глагола (или правильный глагол с окончанием —ed) When her parents arrived, the problem had already been solved.

      Когда приехали ее родители, проблему уже решили. will have been + III форма глагола (или правильный глагол с окончанием —ed) This document will have been sent by 6 o’clock.

      Этот документ будет отправлен к шести часам. Данной формы в пассивном залоге не существует

      Упражнения с ответами

      Упражнение 1. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Simple Passive.

    5. The postbox (to empty) every day.
    6. The stamps (to postmark) at the post office.
    7. The letters (to sort) into the different towns.
    8. The mail (to load) into the train.
    9. The mailbags (to unload) after their journey.
    10. The bags (to take) to the post office.
    11. The letters (to sort) into the different streets.
    12. The letters (to deliver).
    13. Упражнение 2. Раскройте скобки, выбирая требующуюся форму глагола.

    14. At the station they will (meet, be met) by a man from the travel bureau.
    15. She will (meet, be met) them in the hall upstairs.
    16. The porter will (bring, be brought) your luggage to your room.
    17. Your luggage will (bring, be brought) up in the lift.
    18. You may (leave, be left) your hat and coat in the cloakroom downstairs.
    19. They can (leave, be left) the key with the clerk downstairs.
    20. From the station they will (take, be taken) straight to the hotel.
    21. Tomorrow he will (take, be taken) them to the Russian Museum.
    22. Упражнение 3. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Active Voice или Passive Voice.

      1. Nobody (to see) him yesterday.
      2. The telegram (to receive) tomorrow.
      3. He (to give) me this book next week.
      4. The answer to this question can (to find) in the encyclopedia.
      5. We (to show) the historical monuments of the capital to the delegation tomorrow.
      6. You can (to find) interesting information about the life in the USA in this book.
      7. Budapest (to divide) by the Danube into two parts: Buda and Pest.
      8. Yuri Dolgoruki (to found) Moscow in 1147.
      9. Moscow University (to found) by Lomonosov.
      10. We (to call) Zhukovski the father of Russian aviation.
      11. Рекомендую тренировать: Past Simple — много упражнений с ответами

        Активный и пассивный залог в английском языке видео

        Пассивный залог в английском языке, примеры и упражнения

        Функции пассивного залога

        Пассивный залог используется для выражения интереса к человеку или объекту, которые испытывают на себе действие, нежели к действию, которое производят этот человеком или объект. Другими словами, предмет интереса или интересующий нас человек становятся подлежащими предложения.

      12. The passive voice is used frequently. (= нам интересен пассивный залог, а не тот, кто его использует.)
      13. The house was built in 1654. (= мы заинтересованы в самом доме, а не в том, кто его построил.)
      14. The road is being repaired. (= нас интересует дорога, а не те, кто её ремонтируют.)